Cultural diversity is an issue of concern in recent years for the Greek state. The period 1996-2011 is characterized by a considerable number of laws, presidential decrees, circulars and decrees regarding the official Greek state's effort to manage cultural diversity in Primary and Secondary Education. Particular emphasis is placed on education of foreign students, the main objectives of which is on the one hand their active integration and on the other hand the reduction of dropouts. More specifically, this article presents a qualitative analysis of the annual reports of the Ministry of Education for the National Commission for Human Rights (NCHR) from 2002 to 2011, in order to properly reflect the actions of the Ministry of Education on the protection of cultural diversity. It is worth noting that the analysis is limited to the content of the reports of the Ministry of Education and not on whether they were implemented or not and how in the field of Primary and Secondary Education. The results of this research effort showed that the management of cultural diversity regards the existence of a legal framework setting the foundation and operation of Intercultural Schools, Reception Classes, tutorials, Reception Classes Educational Priority Zones, Amplifier tutorials Educational Priority Zones and Foreign Schools, the implementation of various training programs and the writing of curriculums and textbooks.